Besides a really good handbook, Stephen Prince’s book Movies and Meaning. An Intro to Film (Pearson, 2010) is totaly fair to lots of cinema expressions – all took by different aspects like framing, lighting, script, and etcetera. Let’s remark a Prince's pointing out for Apocalypse Now case, for instance. Briefly but accurately the book retrieves Vittorio Storano’s work (for those who haven't heared anything of him, this man is one of the best pictorial designers in movie history) in Coppola’s version of deightful Conrad’s book The Heart of Darkness. He really achieved the darkest side of the human heart – if we include the possibility of war as an intrinsic component in that complex muscle.
Oh! I almost have forgotten: to some that last time modification in Coppola’s movie could have a one more negative thing, by turning the movie less coherent in narrative terms (whether be or not, I celebrate the book have pointed out the excellent Storaro’s work).
As I always like to say, there’s people who does their work in a terrific way… and Storaro certainly did it.